Viktor Szép

Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Groningen

Email v.szep[AT]
 Groningen, the Netherlands

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Hi. My name is Viktor Szép. I am currently a Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Groningen. I have a mixed academic background: I studied Law (PhD) and International Relations (MA). My research mirrors my interdisciplinary background and focuses on the legal and political dimensions of EU foreign and sanctions policy.

At present, I devote most of my time to the H2020 ENGAGE project that examines the possibilities to create a more coherent and effective EU external action. I also continue my independent and collaborative projects on EU sanctions.

Previously, I worked as Assistant Professor at Eötvös Loránd University where I was mainly responsible to conduct EU related courses, including EU history, EU institutions, EU policy-making, EU foreign policy, Brexit, etc. I was also Research Fellow at Eötvös Loránd Research Network where I conducted research on EU sanctions.



V. Szép - R. A. Wessel (2023): Case T-125/22, RT France v Council. Common Market Law Review.

V. Szép - R. A. Wessel (2022): The implementation of Article 31 of the Treaty on European Union and the use of qualified majority voting. Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs, European Parliament. Forthcoming.

V. Szép (2022): Transnational Parliamentary Activities in EU Foreign Policy: the Role of Parliamentarians in the Coming About of the EU’s Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime.

JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies. 60(6): 1741-1757.

R. A. Wessel - V. Szép (2022): Towards Intelligence Cooperation in the EU? European Foreign Affairs Review. 27(3): 307-312.

V. Szép (2022): Unmatched Levels of Sanctions Coordination. The Strength of Transatlantic Cooperation in the Russia’s War on Ukraine. Verfassungsblog. 2022/3/23

W. Geelgoed - V. Szép - R. A. Wessel (2022): Restrictive Measures. In V. Mitsilegas, P. Caeiro and S. Gless (Eds.): Elgar Encyclopedia of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, Edward Elgar. Forthcoming.

V. Szép - E. Sabatino - R. A. Wessel (2022): Developing Assessment Criteria for Security and Intelligence Cooperation in the EU. ENGAGE Working Paper Series.

P. Van Elsuwege - V. Szép (2022): Transatlantic cooperation in sanctions policy, In. E. Fahey (Ed.): Routledge International Handbook on Transatlantic Relations. Forthcoming.

V. Szép - R. A. Wessel (2022): The Current Legal Basis and Governance Structures of the EU’s External Action. ENGAGE Working Paper Series.

Zs. Nagy – Z. Simon – V. Szép – T. D. Ziegler (2022): Global Europe and strategic sovereignty. In. Z. Simon and T. D. Ziegler (Eds.): European Politics: Crises, fears, and debates. L’Harmattan, Paris – Budapest.

V. Szép - R. A. Wessel (2021): Mapping the Current Legal Basis and Governance Structures of the EU’s CFSP. ENGAGE Working Paper Series.​

V. Szép - R. A. Wessel - E. Sabatino - C. Gebhard - E. Simon (2021): The Current Legal Basis and Governance Structures of the EU’s Defence Activities. ENGAGE Working Paper Series.

V. Szép (2021): Coordinated economic sanctions against Belarus? EU foreign policy in action against the Lukashenka regime. DCU Brexit Institute.

V. Szép (2021): The framework for collective decision-making in EU foreign policy: the case of the sanctions imposed against Russia. Budapest, TK (183 pages).

V. Szép - P. Van Elsuwege (2020): EU sanctions policy and the alignment of third countries: relevant experiences for the UK? In. J. S. Vara, R. A. Wessel & P. R. Polak(Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of the International Dimension of Brexit. Abingdon, Routledge. 226-240.

V. Szép - P. Van Elsuwege (2020): Brexit után: Az Európai Unió és az Egyesült Királyság együttműködési lehetőségei a nemzetközi szankciók kivetésében. Külgazdaság.  64(5-6), 43-58.

V. Szép (2020): New intergovernmentalism meets EU sanctions policy: the European Council orchestrates the restrictive measures imposed against Russia. Journal of European Integration. 42(6), 855-871.

V. Szép (2019): Foreign Policy Without Unilateral Alternatives? EU Member State Interests and the Imposition of Economic Sanctions. In. M. Varju (Ed.): Between compliance and particularism: Member State interests and European Union law. Cham, Springer. 321-338. 

The full list of my publication list here.


  • Q&A: The assessment of EU sanctions against Russia, H2020 ENGAGE short film, 13 July 2022

  • EU sanctions: an emerging tool in EU foreign policy?, summer school on "The Politics of European Law and the Law of European Politics The Many Facets of the EU Strategic Autonomy", 27 June 2022

  • Case studies of the EU’s CFSP activity with Ramses A. Wessel, H2020 ENGAGE consortium meeting, 13-14 June 2022

  • Transatlantic sanctions coordination with Peter Van Elsuwege, EUSA 17th Biennial Conference, 19-21 May 2022, Miami Florida

  • Legal and strategic autonomy in the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy, EUSA 17th Biennial Conference, 19-21 May 2022, Miami Florida

  • Expert discussion on the costs and benefits of sanctions on Russia, Illicit Trade Group, University of Groningen, 9 May 2022

  • Sanctions and War: The EU’s Restrictive Measures and the Russian Invasion of Ukraine, ENGAGE (H2020) roundtable discussion, 3 May 2022

  • Lunch webinar Illicit Trade: International sanctions against Russia, Sustainable Society & Illicit Trade Group, University of Groningen, 7 April 2022

  • International sanctions against Russia, The City Law School, City, University of London, 6 April 2022

  • International sanctions against Russia, Institute for Legal Studies, Centre for Social Sciences (Budapest), 31 March 2022

  • Discussant, ESIL Interest Group ‘The EU as a Global Actor’, University of Glasgow, School of Law, 30 March 2022

  • Roundtable Discussion on Ukraine and International Law, University of Groningen, 10 March 2022

  • International sanctions against Russia, Eötvös Loránd University, 7 March 2022

  • Interview on EU sanctions in Dutch national television (‘Nieuwsuur’), 4 March 2022

  • ​"The Future of EU Foreign, Security and Defence Policy: Assessing Legal Options for Improvement". Panel: Strategizing European Security: Needs, Deeds and Acceptability. UACES 51st Annual Conference. 8 September 2021.

  • "Transatlantic cooperation in sanctions policy" with Peter Van Elsuwege. The Transatlantic Space Between Shifting Administrations. Jean Monnet Chair in Law & Transatlantic Relations & Institute for the Study of European Law, City Law School. 2 July 2021.

  • Book launch, European Papers workshop: The Routledge Handbook on the International Dimension of Brexit, 8 March 2021 (Zoom meeting)

  • “EU sanctions policy and the alignment of third countries – Relevant experiences for the UK?” with Peter Van Elsuwege, EU External Relations after Brexit, Implications under EU and International Law, Jean Monnet Chair of the University of Salamanca & CLEER, 7-8 March 2019.

  • Foreign Policy Without Unilateral Alternatives? EU Member State Interests and the Imposition of Economic Sanctions, The closing conference of the MTA TK Lendület-HPOPs Research Group: Local interests and common obligations in the EU, 1 June 2018.

  • “Achieving Unity with Diversity: the EU's Sanctions Imposed against Russia”, ECPR SGEU conference, Sciences Po Paris, 13-15 June 2018.

  • "The United Kingdom’s Sanctions Policy after Brexit", Institute for Legal Studies at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 3 May 2018 (with Balázs Horváthy)

  • “Taking back control in sanctions policy? The United Kingdom’s leeway in the application of restrictive measures” (with Balázs Horváthy) UACES 47th Annual Conference, Jagiellonian University, 4-6 September 2017.

  • "The framework for collective decision-making in EU foreign policy: the case of sanctions imposed against Eastern European countries" 5th ENP PhD Summer School at the College of Europe, Warsaw, 21-30 June 2017

  • "Views duly taken into consideration? The different approaches of the EP and the Council in the field of sanctions applied against third states" Third ANTERO Network Meeting Workshop on Problem-based Learning (PBL) in EU Foreign Policy & Research Panels on Coherence and Effectiveness in EU Foreign Policy, Dublin, 31 May – 2 June 2017



August 2021 - Present

Postdoctoral Researcher

Faculty of Law, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

July 2015 - July 2021

Junior Research Fellow & Research Fellow

Institute for Legal Studies, Centre for Social Sciences, Eötvös Loránd Research Network, Hungary

February 2015 - July 2021

Assistant Lecturer & Assistant Professor

Faculty of Social Sciences, Eötvös Loránd University, Hungary




University of Debrecen

PhD in Law


College of Europe

PhD Summer School on EU Foreign Policy


Eötvös Loránd University

MA in International Relations / European Studies


Eötvös Loránd University

BA in Social Studies




Anna Sebestyén

Eötvös Loránd University, 2022-2026

The suspension of EU aids and sanctions



Email v.szep[AT]

Address Groningen, The Netherlands